Testicular cancer: study finds one cycle of chemo just as effective

Cullen, M., et al |2020|The 111 Study: A Single-arm, Phase 3 Trial Evaluating One Cycle of Bleomycin, Etoposide, and Cisplatin as Adjuvant Chemotherapy in High-risk, Stage 1 Nonseminomatous or Combined Germ Cell Tumours of the Testis|European Urology|

European Urology has published a paper based on a study that looked at the efficacy of one cycle of chemotherapy for patients with testicular cancer rather than two.  While standard treatment in Europe involves two cycles of chemotherapy the researchers of this trial  show that one cycle has few adverse effects and comparable outcomes
to those seen with two cycles. 

Abstract
Background: Standard management in the UK for high-risk stage 1 nonseminoma germ cell tumours of the testis (NSGCTT) is two cycles of adjuvant bleomycin, etoposide (360 mg/m2 ), and cisplatin (BE360P) chemotherapy, or surveillance.
Objective: To test whether one cycle of BE500P achieves similar recurrence rates to two cycles of BE360P.
Design, setting, and participants: A total of 246 patients with vascular invasion–positive stage 1 NSGCTT or combined seminoma + NSGCTT were centrally registered in a single-arm prospective study.
Intervention: One cycle comprising bleomycin 30000 IU on days 1, 8, and 15, etoposide 165 mg/m2 on days 1–3, and cisplatin 50 mg/m2 on days 1–2, plus antibacterial and granulocyte colony stimulating factor prophylaxis.
Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: The primary endpoint was 2-yr malignant recurrence (MR); the aim was to exclude a rate of 5%. Participants had regular imaging and tumour marker (TM) assessment for 5 yr.
Results and limitations: The median follow-up was 49 mo (interquartile range 37–60). Ten patients with rising TMs at baseline were excluded. Four patients had MR at 6, 7, 13, and 27 mo; all received second-line chemotherapy and surgery and three remained recurrence-free at 5 yr. The 2-yr MR rate was 1.3% (95% confidence interval 0.3–
3.7%). Three patients developed nonmalignant recurrences with localised teratoma differentiated, rendered disease-free after surgery. Grade 3–4 febrile neutropenia occurred in 6.8% of participants.
Conclusions: BE500P is safe and the 2-yr MR rate is consistent with that seen following two BE360P cycles. The 111 study is the largest prospective trial investigating one cycle of adjuvant BE500P in high-risk stage 1 NSGCTT. Adoption of one cycle of BE500P as standard would reduce overall exposure to chemotherapy in this young population.
Patient summary: Removing the testicle fails to cure many patients with high-risk primary testicular cancer  since undetectable cancers are often present elsewhere. A standard additional treatment in Europe is two cycles of chemotherapy to eradicate these. This trial shows one cycle has few adverse effects and comparable outcomes
to those seen with two cycles

The 111 Study: A Single-arm, Phase 3 Trial Evaluating One Cycle of  Bleomycin, Etoposide, and Cisplatin as Adjuvant Chemotherapy in 
High-risk, Stage 1 Nonseminomatous or Combined Germ Cell
Tumours of the Testis

In the news:

BBC News Testicular cancer: ‘Kinder’ chemotherapy is ‘just as effective’

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