New report shows that HIV transmission in the UK has continued to fall | Public Health England
This report provides an overview of the HIV epidemic in the UK up until the end of 2018. The report shows that thanks to increases in HIV testing, fewer people remain unaware of their HIV status.
The drop in HIV transmission has been especially large among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men from an estimated 2,800 transmissions in 2012 to 800 in 2018, a 71.4% fall. The number of gay, bisexual and men who have sex with men living undiagnosed with HIV has halved since 2014 from an estimated 7,000 to 3,600 in 2018.
The scale-up of combination prevention (which includes the use of condoms, HIV testing in a wide range of settings, starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) as soon as possible if positive, and the availability of Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) for those who are negative) across the UK is working.
This report also focuses on five strategies that are key to future HIV control and prevention:
- HIV testing policies
- Clinical Care and Treatment as Prevention (TasP)
- Notification of partners of persons newly diagnosed with HIV (Partner Notification)
- Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
- HIV prevention services for people who inject drugs.
Additional link: PHE press release