Tackling racism in the NHS

Podcasts | Talk Medicine – BMJ

via BMJ.

Advertisements

Latest survey shows public are less likely to discriminate against people with mental health problems

 Time To Change: July 15, 2015

attitude infographic

Latest research shows a record number of people in England saying they would be willing to live, work and have a relationship with someone who has experience of a mental health problem. Public attitudes have also improved by 6% over the last three years since phase 2 of Time to Change began, which equates to more than 2.5 million people with improved attitudes towards people with mental health problems.

via Latest survey shows public are less likely to discriminate against people with mental health problems | Time To Change.

SACN Carbohydrates and Health Report – Publications – GOV.UK

The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition recommendations on carbohydrates, including sugars and fibre

carbohydrates and health

The Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) was asked by the Department of Health and the Food Standards Agency to examine the latest evidence on the links between consumption of carbohydrates, sugars, starch and fibre and a range of health outcomes (such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, bowel health and tooth decay) to ensure the government’s position on consumption was up-to-date.

In its review of the evidence, SACN found that:

  • High levels of sugar consumption are associated with a greater risk of tooth decay.
  • The higher the proportion of sugar in the diet, the greater the risk of high energy intake.
  • Drinking high-sugar beverages results in weight gain and increases in BMI in teenagers and children.
  • Consuming too many high-sugar beverages increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

via SACN Carbohydrates and Health Report – Publications – GOV.UK.

Will CCGs live up to the great expectations? | Opinion | Health Service Journal

A study of clinical leadership in and around CCGs has revealed a very mixed picture of the viability and contribution of clinical commissioning groups. John Storey and Martin Marshall explain the results

Clinical commissioning groups were central to the health reforms. Charged with service redesign, GPs were handed a substantial part of the total NHS budget, with a remit to leverage expenditure more effectively and with a view to reallocate with new service offerings.

Current centre led initiatives such as the better care fund and the new models of care outlined in the NHS Five Year Forward View have been firmly embedded in the CCGs – so are the CCGs living up to expectations?

The Open University Business School’s study of clinical leadership in and around CCGs, funded by the National Institute for Health Research’s Health Services and Delivery Research Programme, reveals a very mixed picture.

There are reasons to be both optimistic and pessimistic about the viability and contribution of CCGs. There are numerous impressive examples of dedicated and effective clinical and managerial leadership, and yet grassroots GP engagement and identification remains problematic. There were expectations of system transformation led by these bodies but, so far, the delivery of such change has been patchy.

Read the full article via Will CCGs live up to the great expectations? | Opinion | Health Service Journal.

NHS England » Annual Report highlights Five Year Forward View

NHS England Chief Executive, Simon Stevens, has pointed to the publication of the Five Year Forward View as one of the most significant moments of the past year.

nhs annual report 2014/15

He highlights the shared direction of the NHS for the next five years as NHS England publishes its second Annual Report and accounts today.

In his introduction to the 2014-15 Annual Report, Mr Stevens states: “It was a year in which the Health Service responded – largely successfully – to wide-ranging operational pressures. But, as importantly, it was a year in which patients’ groups, caring professionals and national leaders came together to chart a shared direction for our country’s NHS for the next five years.”

via NHS England » Annual Report highlights Five Year Forward View.

Does Vaping in E-Cigarette Advertisements Affect Tobacco Smoking Urge, Intentions, and Perceptions in Daily, Intermittent, and Former Smokers?

Health Communication: Published online: 11 Mar 2015

Abstract:
Visual depictions of vaping in electronic cigarette advertisements may serve as smoking cues to smokers and former smokers, increasing urge to smoke and smoking behavior, and decreasing self-efficacy, attitudes, and intentions to quit or abstain. A

fter assessing baseline urge to smoke, 301 daily smokers, 272 intermittent smokers, and 311 former smokers were randomly assigned to view three e-cigarette commercials with vaping visuals (the cue condition) or without vaping visuals (the no-cue condition), or to answer unrelated media use questions (the no-ad condition). Participants then answered a posttest questionnaire assessing the outcome variables of interest.

Relative to other conditions, in the cue condition, daily smokers reported greater urge to smoke a tobacco cigarette and a marginally significantly greater incidence of actually smoking a tobacco cigarette during the experiment. Former smokers in the cue condition reported lower intentions to abstain from smoking than former smokers in other conditions. No significant differences emerged among intermittent smokers across conditions.

These data suggest that visual depictions of vaping in e-cigarette commercials increase daily smokers’ urge to smoke cigarettes and may lead to more actual smoking behavior. For former smokers, these cues in advertising may undermine abstinence efforts. Intermittent smokers did not appear to be reactive to these cues. A lack of significant differences between participants in the no-cue and no-ad conditions compared to the cue condition suggests that visual depictions of e-cigarettes and vaping function as smoking cues, and cue reactivity is the mechanism through which these effects were obtained.

via Taylor & Francis Online.