Life Expectancy Among Older Age Groups in England: Statistical Trends and Variations (BBC News / Public Health England)

Dementia and Elderly Care News

Summary

A report by Public Health England indicates that older people in England are living longer nowadays. Longevity statistics show that among persons aged 65, men can expect to live for a further 19 years and women a further 21 years.

There are some concerns remaining, however, concerning various health inequalities and the fact that many elderly people live with poor health.

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Reference

Life expectancy high among elderly. London: BBC Health News, February 12th 2016.

This relates to:

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Reference

Hemmings, P. (2016). Recent trends in life expectancy at older ages: update to 2014. February 2016. London: Public Health England, February 9th 2016.

Possibly also of interest, the previous year’s report:

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Reference

Hemmings, P. (2015). Recent trends in life expectancy at older ages: February 2015. London: Public Health England, February 12th 2015.

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Negative perceptions of aging predict longitudinal decline in cognitive function.

Robertson, D et al. Psychology and Aging, Vol 31(1), Feb 2016, 71-81.

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Image source: Patrick

Perceptions of aging have been shown to impact the psychological and physical health of older adults. Experimental studies have found that priming older adults with negative attitudes toward aging results in immediate declines in psychological, physical and cognitive functions. Longitudinal studies have supported this work illustrating the longer term impact of negative and positive perceptions of aging on psychological and physical health.

However, it is surprising that there are a limited number of studies that have investigated the longitudinal association between perceptions of aging and cognitive function. The aim of this article is therefore to explore the association between perceptions of aging and cognitive function across a number of domains in a population representative sample of adults aged 50 and older.

The sample was assessed twice over 2 years. Negative perceptions of aging at baseline were independently associated with longitudinal decline in verbal fluency and self-rated memory over a 2-year period after adjustment for physical and mental health.

These findings suggest that negative perceptions of aging may play a role in cognitive decline in the older population. Furthermore, aging perceptions may be a modifiable factor to target for future interventions.

Read the abstract here

Healthcare-associated infections NICE quality standard [QS113]

This new quality standard covers organisational factors in preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections in secondary care settings.

NICE quality standards describe high-priority areas for quality improvement in a defined care or service area. Each standard consists of a prioritised set of specific, concise and measurable statements. They draw on existing guidance, which provides an underpinning, comprehensive set of recommendations, and are designed to support the measurement of improvement.

This quality standard covers organisational factors in preventing and controlling healthcare-associated infections in secondary care settings.

Organisational factors include management arrangements, policies, procedures, monitoring, evaluation, audit and accountability.

Secondary care settings include hospital buildings and grounds; inpatient, day case and outpatient facilities and services; elective and emergency care facilities; and hospital maternity units and services.

nICE infections

View the full quality standard here

Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Steps to breathe better

The National COPD Audit Programme has published Pulmonary Rehabilitation: Steps to breathe better National Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Audit Programme: Clinical audit of Pulmonary Rehabilitation services in England and Wales 2015.

This is the second COPD pulmonary rehabilitation audit report. Its recommendations are directed collectively to commissioners, provider organisations, referrers for pulmonary rehabilitation and to pulmonary rehabilitation practitioners themselves. The report identifies two broad areas for improvement: firstly action to improve referral and access to pulmonary rehabilitation; and secondly action to improve the quality of treatment when patients attend pulmonary rehabilitation.

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The role of Dementia Champion in dementia care: Its aspirations, development and training needs (innovative practice)

Mayrhofer, A. et al. Dementia. Published online: February 9 2016

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Image source: Flickr

Background:  The conceptualisation and development of the role of Dementia Champions in clinical practice is ongoing, and dementia specific training has a significant impact on the scope of the role.

Aim: This survey aimed to elicit Dementia Champions’ views on their role and associated training needs.

Methods: Data were collected via an online survey.

Findings: Of 188, 34 Dementia Champions (response rate 18%) participated. Most perceived dementia awareness training as useful, but limited. Areas suggested for further development were context specific skills training, education programmes that were formally recognised, and clarification around the expectations of the role.

Conclusion: Expectations of ‘champion roles’ in dementia need to be re-visited, specifically in relation to the remit of the role and the level of education, preparation and support required for Dementia Champions to become change agents in dementia care.

 

Read the abstract here

Reasons for being (dis)satisfied with the NHS

The Informationist

The data we get from the British Social Attitudes survey (conducted virtually every year since 1983 by NatCen Social Research) is invariably fascinating. It provides an insight into the views and feelings of the public across a wide range of issues – including health and social care – but interpreting this data can be difficult.

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Which country has the world’s best healthcare system?

Guardian Health – A look at how patients pay for healthcare around the world and the general standard of care they might expect

UK

Upfront payments: no

Data: The UK came first in the latest Commonwealth Fund assessment of healthcare systems around the rich world, but other surveys such as a European one earlier this month are not so flattering. Healthcare spending as a proportion of GDP is falling behind international averages, and an elderly demographic, the obesity epidemic and alcohol bingeing are all taking their toll. The UK also has the worst cancer outcomes of any rich country.

healthcareuk

Image source: The Guardian

Germany

Upfront payments: no

Data: Middle of the pack. Germany was positioned fifth in the latest Commonwealth Fund rankings, spending more than the EU average on healthcare – but its lengths of stay in hospital tend to be higher than in other countries.

healthcaregermany

Image source: The Guardian

US

Upfront payments: yes

Data: The US scores poorly on many fronts, ranked 11th out of 11 in the Commonwealth Fund 2014 list. And yet it far outstrips all its peers in terms of the amount it spends on healthcare – a whopping 17% of GDP.

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Image source: The Guardian

Read the full article here