Fenton, K. PHE Blog. Published online:22 March 2016.
Image source: PHE
As waistlines continue to expand across the country (62% of adults are overweight or obese), diagnoses of Type 2 diabetes are also rising. The cost of treating diabetes, and associated complications such as heart disease and stroke, is costing the NHS around £10bn every year.
Trends are only going one way – with one in ten adults expected to be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes by 2034.
The programme aims to identify those at high risk and refer them into evidence-based behavioural interventions to help them reduce that risk through achieving and/or maintaining a healthy weight, recommended levels of activity and a healthy, balanced diet.
We published a systematic review in August last year that examined the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventions for the prevention of Type 2 diabetes in high risk populations. The review looked closely at the following areas:
- The effectiveness of diabetes prevention programmes on reducing cases of Type 2 diabetes and reducing weight in high risk populations
- The population groups that see the greatest effect from diabetes prevention programmes by age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and ethnicity
- The key elements that might constitute a successful diabetes prevention programme
Data from 36 studies were included in this review, which revealed an average 26% reduction in new cases of Type 2 diabetes in those participating in a diabetes prevention programme, compared with usual care, although some studies achieved greater reductions. The strongest elements of the programmes we studied (for example, a greater number of sessions over a longer period of time) have been taken forward into our programme.
Read the full blog post here