Health Education England and the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals have launched a joint campaign for decisions in the healthcare sector to be fully evidence-based.
Every day more than a million decisions are made that have a profound and lasting impact on people’s lives and which influence the quality of healthcare and the cost of services.
The #milliondecisions campaign calls for everyone involved in policy making and care delivery to use the skills of librarians and knowledge specialists in meeting their obligations under the Health and Social Care Act 2012.
Public Health England launches its Act FAST campaign to remind people of the main symptoms of stroke and importance of calling 999 immediately.
Stroke kills over 40,000 people a year and leaves around two-thirds of stroke survivors with a disability.
Research shows that 24% of people would wait to call an ambulance because they wrongly believe that they need to see 2 or more symptoms of stroke to be sure. Other barriers to dialling 999 include feeling that they need permission to act on behalf of others.
As part of the campaign, new films will encourage everyone – whether they are a stranger in the street, a family member at home or the person themselves – not to hesitate and make the call immediately when they see any of the main stroke symptoms:
Face – has their face fallen on one side? Can they smile?
Arms – can they raise both their arms and keep them there?
Speech – is their speech slurred?
Time – if you notice any of these signs call 999
The Act FAST campaign will run nationally from 2 February to 31 March 2017. Read more via Public Health England
To critically review existing research, surveys and measurement tools to identify the strengths and weaknesses in using them to estimate the size of the LGB population.
To set out and justify the proposed methodology for accurately and robustly estimating the size of the LGB population.
To produce robust and reliable estimates for the LGB population that can be broken down by socio-demographic and geographic variables.
The report establishes a new estimate of the size of the lesbian, gay and bisexual population of England, providing a population denominator for use in estimating health outcomes by sexual orientation.
This review of evidence looks at ‘what works’ in supporting older people to maintain a healthy diet and reduce the risk of malnutrition. | Public Health England
Malnutrition in older people can have a significant impact on their health and social care needs.It has been estimated that the greater use of healthcare because of malnutrition results in:
65% more GP visits
82% more hospital admissions
30% longer hospital stay
Identifying and treating malnutrition is an important preventative measure that will reduce demands on health and care services
This review of evidence is intended for anyone working on older people’s health, particularly those working on nutrition and those supporting older people in daily living. It reviews the relevant national standards, such as nutritional and catering standards, relevant NICE standards and guidance, national and international evidence.
Finally, it looks at promising practice from England, to see what others are doing and the impact their work is having. For the purposes of this study older people are defined as being aged 65 or over.
Older patients who see the same general practitioner over time experience fewer avoidable admissions to hospital, new research shows. | BMJ | OnMedica
The Health Foundation research, published in The BMJ, shows that if patients saw their most frequently seen GP two more times out of every 10, this was associated with 6% fewer admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions such as asthma, diabetes, influenza and pneumonia.
The researchers examined whether continuity of care with a general practitioner is associated with hospital admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions for older patients. Data was analysed from over 230,000 anonymised patient records for older people aged 62-82 years.
The research found there were fewer hospital admissions for certain conditions when patients saw the same GP more consistently. The authors stress this is an observational study so no firm conclusions can be drawn about cause and effect. However, they conclude, “strategies to improve the continuity of care in general practice may reduce secondary care costs, particularly for the heaviest users of healthcare.”
Cancer deaths in Greater Manchester are 10% higher than the UK average. A new volunteer scheme wants to change this | The Guardian
The idea, led by Greater Manchester Cancer Vanguard Innovation, (part of Greater Manchester Cancer – the cancer programme of Greater Manchester’s devolved health and social care partnership), is to use people power to create a cultural shift in one of the UK’s cancer hot spots, and make it normal to talk about screening, healthier lifestyle options and catching symptoms early.
Working with the voluntary sector, the aim is to sign up 5,000 cancer champions by autumn 2017, and to reach 20,000 by 2019. Mobilising this cancer army is one of a series of measures to cut premature cancer deaths in the area by 1,300 by 2021.
Daytime sleepiness is very common in the elderly with prevalence rates of up to 50 percent | ScienceDaily
Caused by sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), a disruption of normal breathing during sleep, these cause recurrent awakenings and subsequent excessive daytime sleepiness.
In an editorial in the current issue of Neurology, a Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) researcher stresses that it is now time for physicians to consider the association between these sleep conditions and cognitive impairment in the elderly.
In the same issue of the journal, researchers of the “HypnoLaus Study” investigated an older population (over the age of 65), with and without cognitive impairment. They performed sleep studies on these groups and found that the group with cognitive impairments had more sleep disturbances attributed to SDB.
The Public Accounts Committee report warns that the target date to replace the radio system used by emergency services is unlikely to be met | Commons Select Committee
In a their report, the Committee concludes the Emergency Services Network (ESN), which will replace the current Airwave system, “may require more testing and assurance work than the current December 2019 delivery date seems to allow for”.
However, the Committee warns the Home Office has not budgeted for an extended transition period nor put in place detailed contingency arrangements to manage this risk.
ESN, a system not yet in use nationwide anywhere in the world, will be used by the 105 police, fire and ambulance services in Great Britain.
The Government expects it to save money by sharing EE’s existing commercial 4G network.
Zahl, T. et al. (2017) Pediatrics. 139(2) e20161711
Objective: The prospective relation between physical activity and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-defined major depression in middle childhood is unknown, as is the stability of depression. We therefore aimed to (1) determine whether there are reciprocal relations between moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior, on one hand, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition defined symptoms of major depressive disorder, on the other and (2) assess the extent of stability in depressive symptoms from age 6 to 10 years.
Conclusions: MVPA predicts fewer symptoms of major depression in middle childhood, and increasing MVPA may serve as a complementary method to prevent and treat childhood depression.
Two articles published this week shine a revealing light on how the general public views mental health care and its practitioners | The Conversation
Mental health problems continue to carry a heavy stigma. People who experience them are often feared, excluded, shamed and discriminated against. Overcoming that stigma is a high priority, not least because it’s a barrier to engaging people in treatments that might help them.
People suffering from mental health problems are not the only ones to experience the stigma of mental illness, however. Those who treat them sometimes share the burden. Just as the shadow of death falls on workers in the funeral industry, psychiatric stigma casts a shadow on the public image of mental health professionals.
Psychiatrists in particular have been concerned they are held in low esteem by the public and within the medical profession. This negative view of the field has significant consequences, such as making it difficult to recruit students into psychiatric training. The chronic under-funding of mental health research and treatment arguably reflects the same devaluation.