Junior doctors contract deal is positive for the NHS, says NHS Employers

NHS Employers | June 2019 | Junior doctors contract deal is positive for the NHS, says NHS Employers

Responding to junior doctors’ vote in favour of improvements to their contract, Danny Mortimer, chief executive of NHS Employers, said:

“This deal is a positive one for the NHS, which sees additional investment from the government and NHS England alongside a number of improvements to the junior doctors contract which aim to improve the working lives of junior doctors.

“We are glad that doctors have chosen to support the deal which, as well as a pay uplift, focuses on improving safe working and training. This agreement comes as a result of incredibly hard work on all sides to review and improve the contract, and to build a safe and constructive way forward for this crucial part of our workforce (Source: NHS Employers).

Full story from NHS Employers 

In the news:

The Guardian Junior doctors agree new contract to end four-year dispute

Indicators of a healthy workplace

Public Finance | June 2019 | Indicators of a healthy workplace

Managers have a vital role to play in promoting day-to-day health and wellbeing at work and supporting a cultural shift that will benefit both individuals and the organisation,  Alison Sweeting, of the Chartered Institute of Public Finance & Accountancy, highlights six indicators of a healthy workplace.

  1. Line managers are confident and trained in people skill
  2.  Employees feel valued and involved in the organisation
  3. Managers use appropriate health services to tackle absence and help people get back to work
  4. Managers promote an attendance culture by conducting return-to-work discussions
  5. Jobs are flexible and well designed
  6. Above all, be sure to promote the use of annual leave

Read the full article from Public Finance

 

 

Workforce crisis: age-friendly employment is key to improving the retention of older workers

NHS Confederation | June 2019 | Workforce crisis: age-friendly employment is key to improving the retention of older workers

NHS Confederation’s blog has a new post from Anna Dixon, chief executive of the Centre for Ageing Better, the post discusses how the  NHS is struggling to retain a core demographic of its workforce: those aged between  50 and State Pension age who would like to be in work but are not.

Full post from NHS Confederation 

 

Hidden no more: Dementia and disability 

All Party Parliamentary Group | June 2019 | Hidden no more: Dementia and
disability 

A new report from the All Party Parliamentary Group aims to shine a spotlight on dementia as a disability, to enable people with dementia to assert their rights to services and for their rights as citizens to be treated fairly and equally. Thousands of people who responded to the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) inquiry agreed that they see dementia as a disability. But they told the APPG that society is lagging behind and failing to uphold the legal rights of people with dementia.  Within the report the All Party Parliamentary Group identify six key areas for action which have a direct impact on people’s daily lives, these are: 

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Image source: alzheimers.org.uk
  1. Employment
  2. Social protection
  3. Social care
  4. Transport
  5. Housing
  6. Community life

Full details from the Alzheimer’s Society

Birmingham research: Global surgical guidelines drive cut in post-surgery deaths

University of Birmingham | June  2019 | Global surgical guidelines drive cut in post-surgery deaths – study

Between 1998 and 2014 the NHS decreased post-operative deaths by  more than a third (37.2%)  following the introduction of globally recognised surgical guidelines – paving the way for life-saving action in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), finds research from experts at the University of Birmingham. 

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Analysis of the data revealed a consistent downward trend over the 16-year period, with the greatest reductions achieved in oesophagogastric (68.8%) and breast (69.3%) surgery.

The findings of this have been published in a research letter to British Journal of Surgery

Read the full news story from the University of Birmingham

 

Young women who smoke face highest risk of major heart attack, research shows

University of Sheffield | June 2019 | Young women who smoke face highest risk of major heart attack, research shows

Research produced as part of a collaboration between the University of Leeds and  Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust is the first to shed light on the risk impact of smoking on heart attack. It finds female smokers have a higher risk of heart attack than males, earlier research has not quantified and compared the incidence of acute ST Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarctio (STEMI) associated with smoking between genders and within different age groups.

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Heart disease is the major cause of death for women and men worldwide, and STEMI is among the most life-threatening forms of heart disease. The study employed a retrospective ecological cohort study to compile data for all patients in the South Yorkshire region of the UK who presented with acute STEMI between January 2009 and July 2014.

The largest relative risk difference between men and women smokers was in the 50-64 years old group, but the highest risk increase in both genders was in the 18-49 years group—the youngest group.

Female smokers in this age group had a greater than 13 times higher risk of STEMI compared to their non-smoking female contemporaries. Young male smokers had an 8.6 times increased risk (Source: University of Sheffield)

Unabridged press release Young women who smoke face highest risk of major heart attack, research shows

Abstract

Background Smoking is a well-documented risk for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The differential effect between sexes has yet to be quantified.

Objectives The purpose of this study was to differentiate the effect of smoking on increased risk of STEMI between sexes.

Methods For this retrospective ecological cohort study, all patients at a U.K. tertiary cardiothoracic center who presented between 2009 and 2014 with acute STEMI were combined with population data to generate incidence rates of STEMI. Age-standardized incidence rate ratios (IRRs) using the Poisson distribution were calculated comparing STEMI rates between smokers and nonsmokers stratified by sex and 3 age groups (18 to 49, 50 to 64, and more than 65 years).

Results A total of 3,343 patients presented over 5,639,328 person-years. Peak STEMI rate for current smokers was in the 70 to 79 years age range for women (235 per 100,000 patient-years) and 50 to 59 years (425 per 100,000 patient-years) in men. Smoking was associated with a significantly greater increase in STEMI rate for women than men (IRR: 6.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.98 to 7.31, vs. 4.40; 95% CI: 4.15 to 4.67). The greatest increased risk was in women age 18 to 49 (IRR: 13.22; 95% CI: 10.33 to 16.66, vs. 8.60; 95% CI: 7.70 to 9.59 in men). The greatest risk difference was in the age 50 to 64 years group, with IRR of 9.66 (95% CI: 8.30 to 11.18) in women and 4.47 (95% CI: 4.10 to 4.86) in men.

Conclusions This study quantifies the differential effect of smoking between sexes, with women having a significantly increased risk of STEMI than men. This information encourages continued efforts to prevent smoking uptake and promote cessation.

The Library can provide access to this article, Rotherham NHS staff  request  here 

University of Sheffield Young women who smoke face highest risk of major heart attack, research shows

 

Thousands more to ‘survive and thrive’ after stroke thanks to NHS specialist teams

NHS England | June 2019 | Thousands more to ‘survive and thrive’ after stroke thanks to NHS specialist teams

Rolling out  expert stroke teams across the country as part of the NHS Long Term Planwill ensure thousands more people ‘survive and thrive’, England’s top doctor announced today.

Speaking at the NHS Confederation conference, Professor Stephen Powis, NHS national medical director, revealed that the NHS has already saved hundreds more lives through the introduction of stroke networks across two major cities. Powis cited a major new study which found 170 extra lives are saved a year in London and Manchester alone thanks to the establishment of Hyper Acute Stroke Units (HASUs).

The units bring experts and equipment under one roof to provide world-class care and treatment around the clock, reducing death rates and long-term disability.

 

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Working at the centre of a network of local hospitals, the units give patients faster access to specialist diagnosis and treatment, such as brain scans, clot-busting drugs and mechanical thrombectomy.

Patients treated at the specialist centres also spend less time in hospital, which is better for them and frees up staff and beds to care for more patients.

Professor Powis said: “Faster diagnosis, quicker access to better treatment, ongoing rehab for survivors, and 24-hour specialist units, will make the NHS even more effective at tackling strokes.

“But it’s clearly far better for everyone if we can help someone avoid having a stroke in the first place.

“For me this is a real inequalities issue – we know that people who are from disadvantaged or black or ethnic minority backgrounds are more likely to be among those who go undiagnosed and untreated, and are therefore more likely to die or be severely disabled by stroke.

“So the NHS will also take practical action to ensure that people living with the risk of stroke hanging over them will be offered the opportunity to understand and reduce that risk, and family doctors and their expanding teams, including nurses and clinical pharmacists, will be central to this.” (Source: NHS England)

Full news story from NHS England 

Of interest:

NIHR Centralising stroke services can save lives