This briefing presents the main findings from research commissioned by the Health Foundation, and carried out by the FrameWorks Institute, analysing public understanding, expert opinion and media narrative around health in order to develop more effective approaches to communicating evidence | The Health Foundation
The Health Foundation is working with the FrameWorks Institute to develop a deeper appreciation of the ways in which people understand and think about health in order to develop more effective approaches to communicating evidence.
This briefing presents the main findings from research analysing public understanding, expert opinion and media narrative around health. It also presents findings from questions sponsored by the Health Foundation in the 2017 British Social Attitudes survey.
Four key challenges are identified that communicators must tackle to achieve wider public acceptance of the evidence on the social determinants of health.
The briefing concludes by reiterating that by building wider understanding of the social determinants beyond those working in the field, we can build support for the policies and programmes needed to reduce health inequalities and improve health.
Despite extensive evidence for the impact of social determinants on people’s health, public discourse and policy action is limited in acknowledging the role that societal factors such as housing, education, welfare and work play in shaping people’s long-term health.
There are many reasons for this, but one factor that merits greater attention is the way in which the evidence is communicated to and understood by the public.
The FrameWorks Institute has identified a range of ‘cultural models’– common but implicit assumptions and patterns of thinking – that give deeper insight into how people think about what makes them healthy.
Understanding which cultural models promote – or obscure – people’s awareness of the importance of social determinants is an important first step in developing effective ways of framing the evidence.
The Health Foundation | February 2019 | Involving NHS staff in research
Involving NHS staff in research explores why and how NHS staff contribute to research, the factors that enable engagement, the impact of engagement on research processes and outcomes, and the implications for future engagement efforts.
The Health Foundation | November 2018 | Unfinished Business: An assessment of the national approach to improving cancer services in England 1995–2015
A major report of the progress in cancer care during the last two decades has been released by The Health Foundation. It reports that progress has been made on reducing mortality, and improving the chances of survival and the experience of care, for people in England diagnosed with cancer.
Unfinished Business sets out recommendations to help close the gap in survival between England and other comparable countries.
These include: radical improvements in early diagnosis and detection of cancer, such as increasing investment in diagnostic equipment, building public understanding of cancer symptoms, improving resourcing of primary care, greater support for GPs to refer more patients and supporting collaboration across primary and secondary care (Source: The Health Foundation).
The Health Foundation | November 2018 | Understanding the health care needs of people with multiple health conditions
Meeting the needs of people with multiple conditions at the same time as the NHS is treating more patients than ever is a complex challenge. Preventing people from developing conditions or delaying the onset of conditions will have the greatest benefits for individuals, their families, the economy and the NHS. New research published by The Health Foundation demonstrates the importance of linking anonymised NHS data across primary and secondary care to gain greater insight into people’s care.
Analysis of data in the period between 2014 to 2016 of 300,000 people in England found that a quarter of adults (25%) had 2+ health conditions, equivalent to approximately 14.2 million people in England.
More than half (55%) of hospital admissions and outpatient visits and three quarters (75%) of primary care prescriptions are for people living with 2+conditions.
Those who live in the most affluent fifth of areas, people can expect to have 2+ conditions by the time they are 71 years old, but in the most-deprived fifth, people reach the same level of illness a decade earlier, at 61 years of age.
To improve care for people with multiple conditions it is critical that the NHS long-term plan identifies and addresses the complexity of their needs. The report sets out six steps the NHS could take to achieve this.
supporting those with multiple conditions to live well, for example by investing in
self-management support for people with multiple conditions
developing new models of NHS care for those with multiple conditions
resourcing the vital role of primary care, particularly in deprived areas
designing secondary care around those with multiple conditions
using data and sharing information to improve care for those with multiple
conditions, including greater data linkage
robustly evaluating what works.
Analysis of data from 2014 to 2016 for 300,000 people in England found that one in four adults had 2+ health conditions, equating to approximately 14.2 million people in England.
Over half (55%) of hospital admissions and outpatient visits and three quarters (75%) of primary care prescriptions are for people living with 2+conditions.
In the least-deprived fifth of areas, people can expect to have 2+ conditions by the time they are 71 years old, but in the most-deprived fifth, people reach the same level of illness a decade earlier, at 61 years of age (Source: The Health Foundation).
The Health Foundation is supporting five large-scale GP practices and federations to carry out targeted improvement work to increase continuity of care in their practices.
The Increasing Continuity of Care in General Practice programme will explore what continuity of care will look like, considering relationships between GPs and patients, and also examining whether better information and management practices can help increase continuity with the aim of bringing benefits to both staff and patients.
This programme is inspired by recent Health Foundation research which demonstrated that patients with ambulatory care sensitive conditions who see the same GP a greater proportion of the time have fewer unplanned hospital admissions. The programme has been developed with the advice and support of the Royal College of General Practitioners.
Each project will run for up to two years and each project team will receive up to £250,000 of funding to support the implementation, evaluation and dissemination of findings from their work.
Health Foundation | September 2018 | Health Foundation selects 11 projects to join programme to improve analytical capability in health and care services
The Health Foundation has selected 11 projects to take part in the latest round of its Advancing Applied Analytics programme – which aims to improve analytical capability in support of health and care services.
The Health Foundation | July 2018 | Identifying options for funding the NHS and social care in the UK:international evidence
A new working paper from The Health Foundation uncovers how 16 other high-income countries have considered and implemented changes to their funding systems for health and social care to better meet the challenges ahead.
The paper aims to:
provide examples of funding configurations for health and social care, as well as changes that have been implemented, or are being considered, in a range of high-income countries
explore the drivers of recent or planned health and social care funding changes and reforms and the contexts within which decisions around funding were taken
highlight key points that can inform the range of conceivable options for funding health care and social care in the four countries of the UK.
Most reviewed countries fund health care primarily from public sources, such as taxation and mandatory health insurance, but funding of social care often relies more than health care on individuals paying privately.
Health and social care funding reforms tend to be incremental rather than radical, are path-dependent, and are catalysed by changes in economic conditions rather than by rising demand for care.
High-income countries have taken diverse approaches to tackling the need to increase health and social care funding and there is no single optimal, or commonly preferred, solution to achieving sustainable revenues (Source: The Health Foundation).