Diabetes UK has launched a new strategy called ‘A generation to end the harm: Diabetes UK Strategy 2020-2025’ coinciding with World Diabetes Day 2019
There are an estimated 2.85 million people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in England, and more than 850,000 living with the condition who do not know they have it because they have not yet been diagnosed − bringing the total up to 3.7 million.
The new strategy from Diabetes UK focuses on achieving five key outcomes by 2025:
more people with type 1, type 2 and all other forms of diabetes will benefit from new treatments that cure or prevent the condition
more people will be in remission from type 2 diabetes
more people will get the quality of care they need to manage their diabetes well
fewer people will get type 2 and gestational diabetes
more people will live better and more confident lives with diabetes, free from discrimination.
The charity said that more than half of all cases of type 2 diabetes could be prevented or delayed, and in turn, the risk of developing the related complications, by tackling overweight and obesity.
Time to solve childhood obesity: an independent report by the Chief Medical Officer | The Department of Health and Social Care
The Chief Medical Officer calls for action across industry and the public sector to help the government reach its target of halving childhood obesity by 2030. It sets out a range of recommendations for the government, which are supported by 10 principles, and builds on the work the government has already done.
Public Health England | September 2019| Healthier weight conversations: support for professionals
New guidance from Public Health England (PHE), co-produced with other organisations, outlines the shared commitment of professional organisations working together to support the public health workforce to have healthier weight conversations.
The guidance describes the intent of professional organisations to work together, support and enable the public health workforce to have healthier weight conversations and maximise population behaviour change, helping individuals and communities significantly reduce their risk of obesity, in order to support the national ambition to halve childhood obesity rates by 2030.
Royal Society for Public Health | September 2019 | Routing out childhood obesity
Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) and Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charity have produced Routing out childhood obesity a report that outlines a outlines a range of recommendations for transforming the street environment, particularly around schools, with the ambition that all children should have access to a healthy route home.
Researchers aimed to combine street-level mapping and fieldwork with first-hand insight from children throughout Lambeth and Southwark, in order to paint a picture of the key street-based influences on diet and activity experienced by a child over the course of an ordinary day.
Key messages of the publication:
People’s lived experience of their neighbourhood has an important impact on how they differentially interact with features of their environment.
There is often a crucial window of exposure to obesogenic environments for children during their daily routes to and from school, which can have a substantial impact on food consumption.
Unhealthy fast food outlets have in some cases become de facto extensions of the school environment. This often isn’t driven by a desire for food but by a lack of other appropriate, safe, affordable and socially acceptable spaces for young people after school
Positive food environments in the school and home can easily be undermined during the post-school period.
Advertising exposure and tailored marketing has a large influence on driving young people to consume more.
More attention must be paid to the needs of teenagers in the design of green space, with youth-led initiatives to address the lack of age-appropriate equipment in many parks (Source: Royal Society of Public Health)
Royal Society for Public Health | July 2019 | New RSPH report: Health on the Shelf
The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) is calling on supermarkets to play a bigger part in ‘nudging’ customers to make healthier choices in its new report Health on the Shelf.
The report explores the public’s perception of supermarkets and the marketing strategies retailers use to boost sales. It also showcases how supermarkets can be health promoting spaces for customers. The reports outlines how:
1 in 3 of us make unhealthy impulse purchases if they are on special offer at the supermarket
Almost 90% of products positioned on shelves at children’s eye level were found to be unhealthy
By 2050 obesity is predicted to rise by 73% to 26 million
50 % of those polled believe there are more unhealthy
products on supermarket shelves than healthy products
A panel of experts in public health, nutrition, diet, weight management, consumer insights and retail, were invited to discuss what a healthy supermarket
could look like and how supermarkets could be more effective in nudging people towards healthier behaviour. The panel discussed every element of the
supermarket experience, from layout, understanding the shopper, promotions and price.
In addition Slimming World polled over 2000 members of the public and 2000 Slimming World members to hear their views on how supermarkets are contributing to the obesity
epidemic and how they could do more to help people live healthier lives.
“The environment in which we live is a major contributor towards obesity, and supermarkets have both the power and influence as well as a responsibility in tackling their contribution to this “obesogenic” environment. There has been some progress by supermarkets in areas such as removing junk from check outs, but our research shows that shoppers and industry experts feel there is much more supermarkets can and should do to promote healthier choices.”
Shirley Cramer CBE, Chief Executive, RSPH
In its report the RSPH makes a number of recommendations for retailers and the government (Source: RSPH).
This edition of Health Matters focuses on Public Health England’s Whole systems approach to obesity guide, which is designed to support local action on addressing obesity and promoting a healthy weight.
This guide and set of resources can be used to support the implementation of a whole systems approach to obesity. It is intended for local authorities and partners, including the NHS, local businesses and the community and voluntary sector.
The guide covers:
the role of local authorities
the benefits of taking a whole systems approach
the 6-phase process – each phase provides practical support
Each phase has accompanying resources. Included with the guide is a separate ‘learning report’, explaining the findings of the co-production and testing of the guide with local authorities.
New figures from Cancer Research UK show that people who are obese now outnumber people who smoke two to one in the UK, and excess weight causes more cases of certain cancers than smoking.
Almost a third of UK adults are obese and, while smoking is still the nation’s biggest preventable cause of cancer and carries a much higher risk of the disease than obesity, Cancer Research UK’s analysis revealed that being overweight or obese trumps smoking as the leading cause of four different types of cancer.
Excess weight causes around 1,900 more cases of bowel cancer than smoking in the UK each year. The same worrying pattern is true of cancer in the kidneys (1,400 more cases caused by excess weight than by smoking each year in the UK), ovaries (460) and liver (180).
The charity wants the Government to act on its ambition to halve childhood obesity rates by 2030 and introduce a 9pm watershed for junk food adverts on TV and online, alongside other measures such as restricting promotional offers on unhealthy food and drinks.