Hepatitis C in England and the UK

Public Health England | September 2019 | Hepatitis C in England and the UK

Public Health England (PHE) has released its latest PHE hepatitis C virus (HCV) reports and supporting documents, for England and the UK. The report estimates that around two-thirds of people living with hepatitis C may not realise they have the virus, with PHE urging those at risk to get tested. The latest releases are also  accompanied by slidesets and infographics.

khub.net
Image source: khub.net

 

Hepatitis C in the UK 2019 slideset and

infographic

Hepatitis C in England 2019 slideset and

infographic

 

 

See also:

PHE press release Tens of thousands unaware they have deadly hepatitis C infection

Further information is available from PHE

Routing out childhood obesity

Royal Society for Public Health | September 2019  | Routing out childhood obesity

Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) and Guy’s and St Thomas’ Charity have  produced Routing out childhood obesity a report that outlines a outlines a range of recommendations for transforming the street environment, particularly around schools, with the ambition that all children should have access to a healthy route home.

 

Routing out childhood obesity rsph.org.uk
Image source:
Researchers aimed to combine street-level mapping and fieldwork with first-hand insight from children throughout Lambeth and Southwark, in order to paint a picture of the key street-based influences on diet and activity experienced by a child over the course of an ordinary day.
Key messages of the publication:
  • People’s lived experience of their neighbourhood has an important impact on how they differentially interact with features of their environment.
  • There is often a crucial window of exposure to obesogenic environments for children during their daily routes to and from school, which can have a substantial impact on food consumption.
  • Unhealthy fast food outlets have in some cases become de facto extensions of the school environment. This often isn’t driven by a desire for food but by a lack of other appropriate, safe, affordable and socially acceptable spaces for young people after school
  • Positive food environments in the school and home can easily be undermined during the post-school period.
  • Advertising exposure and tailored marketing has a large influence on driving young people to consume more.
  • More attention must be paid to the needs of teenagers in the design of green space, with youth-led initiatives to address the lack of age-appropriate equipment in many parks (Source: Royal Society of Public Health)

Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities

Public Health England | July 2019 | Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities

Public Health England (PHE) has published Health inequalities: place-based approaches to reduce inequalities; the aims of the ‘place-based approaches for reducing health inequalities’ are to:

  • reinforce a common understanding of the complex causes and costs of health inequalities
  • provide a practical framework and tools for places to reduce health inequalities

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Place-based approaches for reducing health inequalities: foreword and executive summar

Place-based approaches for reducing health inequalities: main report

More documents available from PHE

See also:

PHE blog

Supermarkets need to ‘nudge’ customers to make healthier choices, says Royal Society for Public Health

Royal Society for Public Health | July 2019 | New RSPH report: Health on the Shelf

The Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH) is calling on supermarkets to play a bigger part in ‘nudging’ customers to make healthier choices in its new report Health on the Shelf

rsph.org.uk
Image source: rsph.org.uk

The report explores the public’s perception of supermarkets and the marketing strategies retailers use to boost sales. It also showcases how supermarkets can be health promoting spaces for customers. The reports outlines how:

  • 1 in 3 of us make unhealthy impulse purchases if they are on special offer at the supermarket
  • Almost 90% of products positioned on shelves at children’s eye level were found to be unhealthy
  • By 2050 obesity is predicted to rise by 73% to 26 million
  • 50 % of those polled believe there are more unhealthy
    products on supermarket shelves than healthy products

A panel of experts in public health, nutrition, diet, weight management, consumer insights and retail, were invited to discuss what a healthy supermarket
could look like and how supermarkets could be more effective in nudging people towards healthier behaviour. The panel discussed every element of the
supermarket experience, from layout, understanding the shopper, promotions and price.

In addition Slimming World polled over 2000 members of the public and 2000 Slimming World members to hear their views on how supermarkets are contributing to the obesity
epidemic and how they could do more to help people live healthier lives.

“The environment in which we live is a major contributor towards obesity, and supermarkets have both the power and influence as well as a responsibility in tackling their contribution to this “obesogenic” environment. There has been some progress by supermarkets in areas such as removing junk from check outs, but our research shows that shoppers and industry experts feel there is much more supermarkets can and should do to promote healthier choices.”

Shirley Cramer CBE, Chief Executive, RSPH

In its report the RSPH makes a number of recommendations for retailers and the government (Source: RSPH).

Press release from RSPH 

Health on the Shelf

Whole systems approach to obesity

This edition of Health Matters focuses on Public Health England’s Whole systems approach to obesity guide, which is designed to support local action on addressing obesity and promoting a healthy weight.

This guide and set of resources can be used to support the implementation of a whole systems approach to obesity.  It is intended for local authorities and partners, including the NHS, local businesses and the community and voluntary sector.

The guide covers:

  • the role of local authorities
  • the benefits of taking a whole systems approach
  • the 6-phase process – each phase provides practical support

Each phase has accompanying resources. Included with the guide is a separate ‘learning report’, explaining the findings of the co-production and testing of the guide with local authorities.

Full detail: Whole systems approach to obesity | Public Health England

Healthcare leaders call on Government to prioritise alcohol prevention

The British Medical Association (BMA) and other leading healthcare organisations have written to the public health minister expressing their concerns over the impact that alcohol is having on the nation’s health urging the Government to prioritise a new alcohol strategy.

In the letter to Seema Kennedy MP, the BMA board of science chair, Professor Dame Parveen Kumar, along with the chairs of the Royal Colleges, warn of the ‘escalating risk to public health’.

The letter warns that despite recent strategies for obesity and tobacco, there has been a “lack of strategic focus” and asks that the Government prioritises alcohol in the same manner and works to urgently produce an updated and ambitious national alcohol strategy.

Interventions to increase physical activity

This report brings together recent evidence on ways to influence physical activity behaviours in individuals and populations | National Institute for Health Research

Being active matters because it is an important way of staying healthy. We know that people can reduce their risk of many serious diseases by staying physically active. Activity is also important for mental well-being and keeping socially connected. Finding enjoyable ways to be active can benefit people in so many ways. But it is often hard for people to start and keep the habit of regular activity. Around a quarter of people are inactive and less than two thirds meet recommended activity levels. We need to know more about what works in getting people active and sustaining this, particularly for those who are least active now.

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Image source: http://www.dc.nihr.ac.uk

This review focuses on National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)-funded research evaluating interventions to increase physical activity for individuals and populations. This features over 50 published and ongoing studies. Evaluations range from programmes in schools and communities to changes in transport and the environment, which are designed to promote greater activity.

Full document: Moving Matters: Interventions to increase physical activity