Public Health England, Home Office, Welsh Government, The Scottish Government, Public Health Wales & Department of Health (Northern Ireland)| April 2018 | United Kingdom drug situation: Focal Point annual report 2017
Research and analysis into the drug situation in the UK reveals that prevalence in the general population is lower than a decade ago. Cannabis continues to be the most widely used, followed by powder cocaine and ecstasy/ MDMA. Data from the surveys in England and Scotland shows that prevalence in schoolchildren in has increased, which is in contrast to a previously reported steady decline among this age range.
There were almost 120,000 (119,973) treatment presentations in the UK in 2016. In England and Wales, 244,971 individuals were recorded as being in drug treatment during 2016. Of those in treatment in England and Wales, 138,422 were receiving prescribing treatment for opioid use.
- In the UK, two-fifths (42%) of treatment presentations in the UK were for primary heroin use, with a quarter (25%) of all service users presenting for treatment of cannabis use. Among those who had never previously been in treatment, 45% of clients presented for primary cannabis use, whereas 16% presented for primary heroin use, representing a five per cent decrease in the proportion of first-time primary heroin clients from 2015. (Executive Summary)
The full analysis is available here